Assessment of Drinking Water Quality of Sheikhupura City


  • Nida Shafique Department of Geography, Government College University, Lahore
  • Ali Iqtadar Mirza Department of Geography, Government College University, Lahore
  • Mudassar Hassan Development and Management Consultants (DMC-PVT) LTD


Drinking water quality, Sheikhupura city, physical parameters, chemical parameters, biological parameters.


Assessment of water quality is essential to get rid of water borne diseases not only for humans but also for other organisms. Production of healthy grains is largely dependent upon provision of high-quality water to seasonal crops. A study was carried out to assess the drinking water quality of district Sheikhupura. The water samples were collected from twenty-one different locations of the city. The areas of the city where population density was higher more than one water samples were collected from there and after analysis most polluted areas were highlighted. Sixteen physiochemical parameters (pH, taste, odor, color, temperature, turbidity, total dissolved solids, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, alkalinity, chloride, electrical conductivity, arsenic, iron, fluoride and sulphate) and one biological parameter (total coliform) were tested for each sample site and the results were compared with World Health Organization (WHO) predefined standard of drinking water to highlight the vulnerable sites having water quality below WHO standards. Based on physiochemical parameter results, the water samples of ten different locations were found unfit for human consumption and for agriculture as well. The presence of brown and green particles were found in two samples, whereas the value of total dissolved solids was higher than the permissible limit at five sample site and the value of arsenic was higher than the limit at three different sites. Only one water sample which was collected from Housing Colony was found biologically fit whereas other thirty-one samples were found biologically contaminated. The possible cause of this contamination was the mixing of wastewater with ground water. It is recommended that the water should be used after boiling or compulsory chlorination should be performed to eliminate biological contamination.


GuidelinesforDrinking-waterQuality (PDF)(Report)(4 ed.).WorldHealth

Organization. 2017. p. 631. ISBN978-92-4-154995-0.

InamUllah,E. andA.Alam,(2014) “Assessment of drinkingwaterqualityin

Peshawar, Pakistan”. Bulg. J. Agric. Sci., 20 (NO 3), 595-600.

Daniel (2015) “Assessing Drinking Water Quality from Point of Collection to Point

of Use in Rural Nepal”. MSc Thesis ES 15.13.

Jassam Gzar Lafta (2015), “Analysis of water quality using chemical-physical-biological

parameters of the kinds of water used for drinking in the Baghdad Province- Al

Adhamiya City”. Chemistry and Materials Research, ISSN 2225-0956, Vol7, No 12,

Muhammad Ilyas, Sardar Khan, Anwarzeb Khan, Rohul Amin, Asif Khan and

Muhammad Aamir (2017) “Analysis of drinking water quality and health risk

assessment- A case study of Dir Pakistan”. Journal of Himalayan Earth Sciences

Volume 50, No. 1A, 2017 pp. 100-110.

Anwar Khalid, Amir Haider Malik, Amir Waseem, Shazmeen Zahra and Ghulam

Murtaza (2011), “Qualitative and quantitative analysis of drinking watersamples of

different localities in Abbottabad district, Pakistan”. International Journal of the

Physical Sciences Vol. 6(33), pp. 7480 - 7489, 9 December, 2011.

Chonde Sonal G., Mohite Ashwini S. and Raut P. D. (2014) “Studies on drinking

water quality at public transportstationsfromKolhapur andSangli city”.Advances

in Applied Science Research, 2014, 5(2):316-327.

Dhanaji Kanase G, Shagufta Shaikh A, Pramod Jagadale N (2016), “Physico-Chemical

Analysis of Drinking Water Samples of Different Places in Kadegaon Tahsil,

Maharashtra (India)”. Advances in Applied Science Research, 2016, 7(6):41-44, ISSN


Premlata, Vikal, (2009), “Multivariant analysis of drinking water quality parameters of

Lake Pichhola in Udaipur, India”. Biological Forum, Biological Forum- An

International Journal, 1(2), pp 97-102.


quality ofthemarble industrial area ofKishangarh (Ajmer),Rajshthan,Nature

Environmental and Pollution Technology, 4(3), pp419-420.

Patil.P.N,Sawant.D.V,Deshmukh.R.N(2012), “Physico-chemicalparametersfor

testing of water – A review”. International Journal of Environmental Sciences,

Volume 3, No 3, 2012. ISSN 0976 – 4402.

Saravanakumar, K. and R. Ranjith, Kumar, (2011), Analysis of water quality parameters

of groundwater near Ambattur industrial area, Tamil Nadu, India, Indian Journal of

Science and Technology, 4(5), pp 1732-1736.

MehwishRani,MuhammadMushahidAnwar,RabNawaz,AsadAziz ,NajamZaheer

, Nusrat Ehsan , Muhammad Umair (2016), “Level of Arsenic in Ground Water and

ItsImpact on Human Health: A Case Study ofBahawalpurCity, Pakistan”.Journal of

Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences(JBES) ISSN: 2220-6663,Vol. 8, No. 6, p.


Haydar, S., Arshad, M., & Aziz,J. A.(2009), “Evaluation of Drinking Water Quality

in Urban Areas of Pakistan: A Case Study of Southern Lahore”. Pakistan Journal of

Engineering & Applied Sciences, 5, 16-23.

ChadetrikRout , Arabinda Sharma (2011), “Assessment of drinking water quality: A

case study of Ambala cantonment area, Haryana, India”. International Journal of

Environmental Sciences, Volume 2, No 2, 2011.ISSN 0976 – 4402.

Dr. K. Chandrasekhar Reddy (2017), “Assessment of Ground Water Quality and Its

Suitability for Drinking Purposes in the Koduru Mandal.” International Journal of

Advance Engineering and Research Development, Volume 4, Issue 10, ISSN (P):



Emma Trinurani Sofyan and Tantowi Eko Prayogi (2015), “Groundwater Quality

Assessment For Suitable Drinking And Agricultural Irrigation Using PhysicoChemical Water Analysis In The Rancaekek-Jatinangor District, West Java,

Indonesia.” 6th InternationalConference onEnvironmental Science andTechnology

Volume 84 of IPCBEE (2015).

Abdulrasoul Al-Omran, Fahad Al-Barakah, Abdullah Altuquq, Anwar Aly and

Mahmoud Nadeem (2015), “Drinking water quality assessment and water quality index

of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.” Water Quality Resarch Journal of Canada 50.3.

Saroj Gyawali, Kuaanan Techato and Chumpol Yuangyai (2012), “Effects of Industrial

Waste Disposal on the Surface Water Quality of U-tapao River, Thailand.”

International Conference on Environment Science and Engineering, IPCBEE vol.3


M. Anwar Hossain, M. Khabir Uddin, A. H. Molla, M. S. I. Afrad, M. M. Rahman and

G. K. M. M. Rahman (2010), “Impact of Industrial Effluents Discharges on

Degradation of Natural Resources and Threat to Food Security.” The Agriculturists

(2): 80-87 (2010), ISSN 1729-5211.

PratikshaTambekar,PravinMorey,R.J.Batra andR.G.Weginwar(2012) “Quality

assessment of drinkingwater:Acase study ofChandrapurDistrict(M.S.)” Journal of

Chemical and Pharmaceutical Research, 2012,4(5):2564-2570.




How to Cite

Nida Shafique, Ali Iqtadar Mirza, & Mudassar Hassan. (2020). Assessment of Drinking Water Quality of Sheikhupura City. International Journal of Agriculture and Sustainable Development, 2(2), 50–65. Retrieved from