Bacteriological and Physicochemical Analysis of Groundwater of Kasur


  • Syeda Sidrish Batool Department of zoology, Government college of science, Wahdat road Lahore
  • Asad Abbas Department of Zoology, University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Ijaz Hussain
  • Abdul Wahab Department of zoology, Government college of science, Wahdat road Lahore
  • Aisha Shafique Government College University Faislabad
  • Maryam Zaheer


Total Suspended Matter (TSM), Total Minerals (TMs), Total Minerals (TMs), Total Organic Suspended Matters (TSOM Double Strength Lactose Broth (DSLB), Single Strength Lactose Broth (SSLB)


Earth is a blue planet because of the rudimentary cause of life, that is water. All the biochemical reactions which are pre-requisite for nourishing life of animals and plants, use water as a basic element. Being a universal solvent, it dissolves almost all minerals present in the soil. It is one of the basic and necessary compounds responsible for the survival of life. The main purpose of research was to determine the quality of groundwater in Kasur near the tanneries. The study is focused on the bacteriological and physicochemical (pH, Temperature, DO, BOD, CO2, TOSM, TDS, TM and heavy metals) parameters. We selected four sites as Din Garh, Qatal Garhi, Mangal Mandi and Kot Haleem Khan for investigation. Coliforms were present in high concentration that produce viruses and bacterial diseases such as typhoid fever, hepatitis, gastrocnemii, dysentery and ear infections. World Health Organization (WHO) has justified that the drinkable water must have zero level of coliform and E.coli. Regarding the Total Suspended Matter (TSM), the values ranged from 0.3-0.5g/l in DIN GHARH, 0.2-0.5g/l in QATAL GHARHI, 0.2-0.5g/l in MANGAL MANDI and 0.2-0.6g/l in KOT HALEEM KHAN. The study concludes that the water pollution due to tanneries in Kasur have changed the bacteriological and physicochemical properties of ground water to a considerable level which is not drinkable. It also conclude that groundwater was contaminated with high concentrations of BOD, TOSM, TDS, TM and Heavy metals due to discharge of industrial effluents. 

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How to Cite

Syeda Sidrish Batool, Asad Abbas, Ijaz Hussain, Abdul Wahab, Aisha Shafique, & Maryam Zaheer. (2019). Bacteriological and Physicochemical Analysis of Groundwater of Kasur . International Journal of Innovations in Science & Technology, 1(4), 151–167. Retrieved from