Statistical Evaluation of Environmental Factors as Diabetogenic Agent in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus



Diabetes, Environmental factors, Demographic variables, Diabetes; Environmental factors; Pakistan; Demographic variables; statistics.


The purpose of this study was to analyze the environmental factors affecting individuals with diabetes. A study was conducted among diabetes patients at the Lahore General Hospital's outdoor clinic. Data was collected using a standardized questionnaire after getting approval of patients being interviewed. SPSS 25.0 was utilized for analysis. Total 1000 people were chosen, 500 of whom were diabetic patients and the rest were non-diabetic. Environmental factors were investigated in a 1000-person research of diabetics and non-diabetics. To determine the relationship between patients with diabetes and environmental factors, the Chi-Square test and Mann-Whitney test were used to compare the effects of age, BMI, and sugar level fasting. The findings reveal that environmental factors play crucial effects on patients in term of age, BMI, and sugar level. I also used the odds ratio on diabetic and non-diabetic patients who have the Stroke, TIA, hypertension, and other environmental factors. The study revealed that diabetes is more persistent in industrial and urban region as 60% of the population living in these areas are under risk of diabetes. Moreover, the results showed that nearly 62% tap water consumers in rural areas were diabetic while 38% filtered water consumers in urban areas were diabetic. Smoking caused diabetes in nearly 22% people, 28% people suffered due to utilization of homeopathic medicines while 35% diabetic patients were found multivitamin consumers. Furthermore, the study depicted that among 1000 individuals under study, 56 % females were diabetic due to environmental factors. Diabetes has a direct relationship with the environment experienced by a patient.

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Author Biographies

Dr.Riffat Iqbal, Department of Zoology Government Collage University, Lahore

Main Supervisor of the research project and Team leader

Department of Zoology, Government College University Lahore. Pakistan

Dr. Atif Yaqub, Department of Zoology, Government College University Lahore.

Supervisor of the research project and Team leader

Department of Zoology, Government College University Lahore. Pakistan.

Dr. Samreen Riaz, Institute of Microbiology & Molecular Genetics University of the Punjab, Lahore

Assistant Professor,

Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of the Punjab, Lahore. Pakistan.


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How to Cite

shokat, saima, Aasma Riaz, Iqbal, D. R., Yaqub, D. A., & Riaz, D. S. (2022). Statistical Evaluation of Environmental Factors as Diabetogenic Agent in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. International Journal of Innovations in Science & Technology, 4(2), 288–299. Retrieved from