Integration of Probability Based Ridge Variation Information with Local Ridge Orientation for Fingerprint Liveness Detection
Keywords:PWM, Ridge Orientation, Feature integration, Ridge variation, ridge-valley pattern, Higher-order derivative.
Fingerprints are commonly used in biometric systems. However, the authentication of these systems became an open challenge because fingerprints can easily be fabricated. In this paper, a hybrid feature extraction approach named Integration of Probability Weighted Spatial Gradient with Ridge Orientation (IPWSGRo) has been proposed for fingerprint liveness detection. IPWSGRo integrates intensity variation and local ridge orientation information. Intensity variation is computed by using probability-weighted moments (PWM) and second order directional derivative filter. Moreover, the ridge orientation is estimated using rotation invariant Local Phase Quantization (LPQri) by retaining only the significant frequency components. These two feature vectors are quantized into predefined intervals to plot a 2-D histogram. The support vector machine classifier (SVM) is then used to determine the validity of fingerprints as either live or spoof. Results are obtained by applying the proposed technique on three standard databases of LivDet competition 2011, 2013, and 2015. Experimental results indicate that the proposed method is able to reduce the average classification error rates (ACER) to 5.7, 2.1, and 5.17% on LivDet2011, 2013, and 2015, respectively.
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