A Smart Contract Approach in Pakistan Using Blockchain for Land Management


  • Qamar Zaman Punjab University College of Information Technology, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Idrees Department of Data Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6411-5956
  • Ather Ashraf Department of Data Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
  • Ashfaq Ahmad Department of Data Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan


Blockchain, Private blockchain, Land management, Smart contracts


Management of land records includes actions such as registration and transfer of property ownership. For many nations, land ownership and management are important sources of income. Corrupted spans from small-scale payments to large-scale cause an abuse for government. In the literature, a number of concerns have been raised about Land Record Management. There are several problems with Land Record Management in developing nations, such as tampering with land records and no methods of retrieving a full property ownership record, operating multiple linked Land Record Management Systems independently, etc. Traditional land record management solutions do not solve these challenges. We propose a Blockchain-based Land Record Management system for Pakistan to solve these concerns. It has been decided to use the suggested system, and the specifics of its implementation are described in this thesis.

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Author Biography

Muhammad Idrees, Department of Data Science, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan

Dr. Muhammad Idrees is serving the Department of Data Science (DDS), University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan as Assistant Professor from 30-March-2021. Previously he served the Punjab University College of Information Technology (PUCIT) from 2008 as a regular Faculty Member and from 1994 as visiting/contact teacher in the computing-related domain. Dr. Idrees completed his Ph.D. degree in the area of Visual Programming Languages. Prior to that has two master’s degrees in Physics and Computer Science, M.Phil. degree in Computer Science, Post Graduate Diploma in Computer Science, and Professional certifications from Oracle. He has received all the Computer Science degrees with distinctions. He started his professional career in Computer Science and Information Technology as a programmer and left the IT industry in 2008 to join Academia. While working in the IT industry he enjoyed top positions in various software houses and successfully concluded dozens of local and international software development projects. During this period, he provided consultancy services to the local IT industry and continuously engaged himself in teaching software development-related courses at his alma mater, the University of the Punjab. His core research interests include data structure and algorithms, and computer programming. He is also conducting research in the areas of visual programming, autonomous robots, internet of things (IoT), image processing, and computer vision. He can be accessible at the following email address.


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How to Cite

Zaman, Q., Idrees, M., Ashraf, A., & Ahmad, A. (2022). A Smart Contract Approach in Pakistan Using Blockchain for Land Management. International Journal of Innovations in Science & Technology, 4(2), 425–435. Retrieved from https://journal.50sea.com/index.php/IJIST/article/view/252

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