Evaluation of Catastrophic Global Warming due to Coal Combustion, Paradigm of South Asia


  • Hafiz Haroon Ahmad Department of Space Science, University of the Punjab
  • Farhan Saleem College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of the Punjab
  • Hania Arif Center for Integrated Mountain Research, University of the Punjab https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8763-8725


Black Carbon, Carbon Dioxide, Global Warming, Coal Consumption


Coal is a carbon containing non-renewable fossil fuel and one of the major contributors of climate change and global warming. We used TANSO FTS instrument in order to obtain the level of atmospheric carbon dioxide through datasets obtained from GOSAT satellite. GIOVANNI was also used to obtain atmospheric concentration of various gases. Burning of coal causes emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) and black carbon (BC) in atmosphere which are responsible for nearly 0.3°C of 1°C rise in temperature. The annual average value of carbon emission for the year 2010 and 2019 is 388.4 ppm and 409 ppm respectively. Since the pre-industrial times CO2 concentrations have increased up to100 PPM (36%) in the last two and a half centuries (250 years).In South Asia Dhaka has the worst quality of air as CO2 concentration (6.7%) is higher than the country’s GDP (5.25%) and energy consumption (4.77%). While an increasing trend GHG has been observed in Lahore up to 5.5 %. This study concludes that the high concentration of carbon dioxide in atmosphere is responsible for average rise of 1.2 °C temperature annually. This temperature rise can lead to adverse climatic conditions i.e., melting of glaciers which will consequently rise the sea level various landmasses may disappear by 2050.

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How to Cite

Ahmad, H. H., Saleem, F. ., & Arif, H. . (2021). Evaluation of Catastrophic Global Warming due to Coal Combustion, Paradigm of South Asia. International Journal of Innovations in Science & Technology, 3(4), 198–207. Retrieved from https://journal.50sea.com/index.php/IJIST/article/view/83