Appraisal of Trans Indus, Marwat-Khisor and Bhittani Ranges Thrusting through Geo-spatial Techniques


  • Iftekhar Hussain Department of Space Science University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Syed Amer Mahmood Department of Space Science University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Saira Batool Centre for Integrated Mountain Research (CIMR) University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Areeba Amer College of Earth & Environmental Sciences (CEES)University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Mareena Khurshid Department of Geography University of the Punjab Lahore
  • Imran Saddique Kaukab Department of Space Science University of the Punjab Lahore.


Thrusting, Relative Relief, Isobase coding, Drainage density.


Himalayan mountain belt was created by the Indo–Eurasian collision. The length of this seismically active mountain belt is almost 2500 km. Southern partition of this zone is marked by the main frontal thrust. We computed the isobase, relative relief, incision, vertical dissection and drainage density maps of the study site. Drainage density is inversely proportional to the rest of computed parameters. Drainage density is less where the incision/deep cutting is high. Pezu and north western parts of the study site are observed vulnerable to tectonic activity and high risks. These sites are the adjoining parts of active faults. The rates of morphological changes and the combination of stripping processes are determined through Surface dynamics maps (SDM). Although it is a handy tool used to evaluate erosion conditions of sags or sub basins. Remote sensing and GIS techniques proved efficient for appraisal of thrust in Marwat Kishore and Bhittani ranges.

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How to Cite

Iftekhar Hussain, Syed Amer Mahmood, Saira Batool, Areeba Amer, Mareena Khurshid, & Imran Saddique Kaukab. (2020). Appraisal of Trans Indus, Marwat-Khisor and Bhittani Ranges Thrusting through Geo-spatial Techniques . International Journal of Innovations in Science & Technology, 2(3), 68–74. Retrieved from

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